Tips for Health

Amblyopia

By on April 27, 2012 in Diseases, Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

What is amblyopia?

Amblyopia is an eye problem that causes loss of vision or poor vision in one or both eyes of a child. Generally, amblyopia affects only one eye, but sometimes it can affect both. Amblyopia is the most common cause of vision problems in children.

What is the cause of amblyopia?

Any factor that causes a child has blurred vision or put squint amblyopia could result. For example, children with strabismus (also called “crossed eyes”), cataracts, a droopy eyelid or who need glasses to see better can develop amblyopia.

All babies are born with poor eyesight. As babies get older, your eyesight improvement. To develop a good eye, both eyes must provide a clear, focused to be equal in both eyes. If the picture is not clear in one eye or if the picture is the same in both eyes, the child gets a different image to each eye. The child’s brain naturally tries to solve this problem by blocking the image from the weaker eye. If the problem persists when the child is young, the child’s brain images always ignore the weaker eye, causing amblyopia.

How is amblyopia treated?

Treatment of amblyopia depends on its cause. After finding the cause of amblyopia, the child must use the weaker eye most of the time, so that this will strengthen. To make the child use the weaker eye, you can place a patch to cover the stronger eye. Sometimes they use eye drops or special glasses to blur vision in the better eye. This causes the weaker eye stronger. Patches can be used throughout the day or part of the day, depending on the age and the child’s vision.

Eyeglasses or contact lenses solve some problems. You may need surgery for cataracts, droopy eyelids or crossed eyes.

Treatment usually lasts until vision returns to normal or until the vision keeps getting better. For the majority of children, it takes several weeks. Some children must wear eye patches to 8 or 10 years.

Why is early treatment important?

The first years of life are most important for the eyes. After the child goes through the ages of 8 to 10 years, the vision system of the brain is complete. It can be further developed. If amblyopia is not treated at this age, the child has poor vision for life. It is not possible to solve it with glasses, patching or any other treatment.

There is a low probability of using an eye patch for too long can damage the eye sharp. For this reason, children wearing eye patches should consult their doctor often during treatment.

 

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