Tips for Health

Anemia: Diagnosis and Treatment

By on April 24, 2012 in Dieting, Diseases, Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

How is anemia diagnosed?

Talk to your doctor if you think you could have anemia. To diagnose anemia, your doctor may perform a blood test. If you have anemia, your doctor may need to perform other tests to find out the cause.

Normocytic anemia is most commonly detected by routine tests that are part of a physical examination. Could be detected by a blood test you do for any other reason. A complete blood count can show if you have normocytic anemia.

If the CBC shows a low number of red blood cells of normal size, your doctor may want you to do more tests to see what the cause of anemia. If your anemia is born, it is possible that other family members should also be tested.

Should my child be tested for iron deficiency?

If you are worried and think your child may have iron deficiency anemia, talk with your doctor. Infants at risk for iron deficiency should be examined by a blood test, when they are between 9 and 12 months. Young children should be considered 6 months and 24 months.

If I’m pregnant, should I get tested for anemia?

During your first prenatal visit, you will have a blood test to determine if you have anemia. Even if you have anemia at the beginning of your pregnancy, your doctor may want to examine you again in their second or third trimester.

How is anemia?
Treatment depends on the cause of anemia. For example, if the anemia is caused by losing too much blood, your doctor should treat the cause of blood loss. If the anemia is caused by a diet too low in iron, your doctor may recommend a change in diet or take iron pills.

Tips on taking iron pills

• Take the pills with food.
• Start slowly. Try taking 1 pill a day for 3 to 5 days and then 2 pills a day until that amount does not generate complaints. Increase the number of pills to take the amount recommended by your doctor.
• Increase fiber in your diet if you have constipation. Worth a try, although it is possible that fiber interferes with how well the body can absorb iron. It is better than not taking any iron if you need it.
• Do not take iron pills at bedtime if they upset your stomach.
• If a type of iron pill causes problems, talk to your doctor about trying a different formula or brand.

How is normocytic anemia treated?

Manage the condition that is causing the anemia is the most important part of your treatment. This could mean that you stop taking a particular medication or your doctor may treat a chronic illness or look for some factor that is causing the loss of blood cells.
If your normocytic anemia is severe, you may receive injections of erythropoietin. Erythropoietin helps the bone marrow to produce red blood cells.

How is anemia in children treated?

If you breastfeed your child, talk to your doctor about the possibility of adding some form of iron, as iron-fortified cereal or vitamin drops with iron, your child’s diet, from 4 to 6 months.

Can anemia be prevented?

Some types of anemia can be prevented, such as those caused by diet. You can help prevent this type of anemia by increasing the amount of iron in your diet.

How I can increase the iron in my diet?

Eat more foods that are high in iron. The body best absorbs the iron from meat. Eating a small amount of meat along with other iron sources, such as certain vegetables, can help add even more iron from these foods. Taking vitamin C pills or eating foods high in vitamin C such as citrus fruits or citrus juices at the same time you eat iron-rich foods or take an iron pill may also help the body absorb iron.

Some foods keep the body absorb iron, including coffee, tea, egg whites, milk, fiber and soy protein. Try to avoid these foods when eating foods high in iron.

Foods high in iron

• Liver.
• Red meat.
• Fish and shellfish.
• Dried fruits like apricots, prunes and raisins.
• Nuts.
• Beans, especially lima beans.
• Green leafy vegetables such as spinach and broccoli.
• Blackstrap molasses.
• Whole grains.
• Iron-fortified foods, like many types of breads and cereals (look at the label).

 

 

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