Tips for Health

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How to identify stomach flu

By on April 28, 2013 in Diseases, Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

Stomach flu commonly known as viral gastroenteritis is an inflammation process of the stomach and the intestines or bowels as a result of a virus. This is as a matter of fact the leading cause of severe diarrhea in both children and adults. There are many types of viruses that cause the stomach flu, but the common ones include the following; norovirusastrovirusrotavirus, etc.

The signs and symptoms of viral gastroenteritis include the following;

1. Abdominal pain that could be very sickening sometimes is one of the signs and symptoms of this condition.

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2. Diarrhea that could range from mild to severe is another sign and in severe cases, immediate restorative measures need to be undertaken to restore the lost fluids and salts from the body to prevent any further complications.

3. Nausea and vomiting is another sign that could greatly task your body of your body fluids and cause dehydration. On losses a lot of fluids and electrolytes as a result of severe vomiting and so close monitoring by a health professional is recommended.

4. Fever that is usually mild could accompany this disease as well.

5. Weight loss is usually visible especially after some period of time following the disease infection. It could be due to the severe loss of fluids and the nausea and vomiting over time.

6. Anorexia or lack of appetite that usually leads to poor feeding is another characteristic of this disease.

In-conclusion, there are other not so common signs and symptoms that could point to this disease which includes, chills, excessive sweating, clammy skin and joint stiffness and muscle pain. Knowledge of all of the above could help in early detection and diagnosis of the same and hence early treatment of the stomach flu.

 

Common illnesses during spring season

By on April 28, 2013 in Diseases, Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

 

There are some specific diseases or sicknesses that are common in certain seasons and in this article we will focus on the most common diseases during spring and how we can manage them or prevent ourselves from getting them in the first place.

1. Flue and common cold is one of the common diseases and so drinking plenty of fluids and making sure your body is well hydrated and then maintaining a healthy diet could help in warding off such diseases. Avoiding some particular foods like mutton and very cold drinks as well especially towards the end of spring could also help.

2. Cough and asthma are other conditions that are also common during this season and keeping a light health diet as well as avoiding the asthma triggering agents would really help in preventing any asthmatic attacks.

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3. Throat and oral diseases. Fruits and vegetables as well some coarse food grains could go a long way as far as mitigating the incidences of such diseases is concerned.

4. Itchy skin is another condition that is common during spring. There are some foods that are rich in vitamins, e.g. vitamin (A) is known for maintaining the skin and preventing the itchy and pruritic skin. Stay well hydrated could also help in boosting your skin integrity.

5. During spring, your body’s metabolism will increase and your production of gastric juice and hydrochloric acid production in your stomach will also increase. This could lead to the formation of ulcers or relapsed to those that already had ulcers that had healed or cause perforated ulcers which are usually a complication of these stomach ulcers. So one should eat foods that are easy to digest and avoid much of fried and spicy foods.

 

Factors that tend to increase your risk for ulcerative colitis disease

By on April 28, 2013 in Diseases, Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

Ulcerative colitis is part of the diseases that cause inflammation or ulcers to your bowels that are usually very uncomfortable, painful and usually bleed sometimes. There are numbers of causes of the same ranging from heredity to a compromised or a low immunity and many others.

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However, some factors that could make one vulnerable or susceptible to this disease and some of these factors are what we will focus on this article which includes the following;

1. Ulcerative colitis could occur basically at any age depending on the individual, but in most cases it is below thirty years old which in some people it may prolong up-to when they are in their fifties or sixties.

2. As far as race is concerned, the whites tend to have a higher risk than the African Americans as well as the Asian though the Ashkenazi Jewish have an even greater risk that any other race.

3. Another risk factor is when you have a family history of ulcerative colitis maybe a very close relative that has or suffered from this disease before, then your risk of getting down with the same will be a little higher .

4. A person’s gender isn’t really of any advantage because some particular diseases would affect a particular gender much more than the other, but in the case of ulcerative colitis, both men and women are at an equal risk of the same.

In conclusion since this disease affects the inner lining for the large intestine and could cause severe debilitating symptoms, then knowing some of the things that could expose you to getting the disease cause put you in a position whereby you will start to avoid some of them so that the overall risk would be reduced.

 

Risk factors for stroke

By on April 19, 2013 in Diseases, Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

It has been proven through meticulous research that some factors could potentiate one’s risk of suffering from stroke. Some of these risk factors can be controlled, meaning avoided and there are some that are beyond one’s capability as far as controlling or prevention is concerned. Below are some of the factors that we can at least have some degree of control towards them;

1. Smoking or the use of tobacco. The risk factor of suffering from stroke is usually increased in people that smoke and the risk increases with the frequency and amount of smoking per individual.

2. Obesity is also another risk factor that can expose one to having a stroke in the long run, the good thing, however is we can control it by choosing to cut down on our body weight.

3. The use of alcohol is another factor that definitely will increase your risk of suffering from stroke and some other related diseases especially those affecting the liver.

4. People that suffer from some of the following diseases could have their risk of suffering from stroke highly increased and so they could suffer from stroke secondarily. Some of these conditions include the following among others, diabetes, atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, and other circulation problems.

 

 

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The other factors that we cannot really have any control include the following;

1. Family history. If anybody in the family lineage especially a close relative had suffered from stroke before, then your risk of suffering from stroke is a little bit higher and so careful screening and monitoring should be implemented.

2. Age is another factor that increases your risk of suffering from stroke because it increases with age, which is according to research and so the aged are at an increased risk that the young.

3. Gender is another factors as well as stroke is more common in men than in women so being male is on its own a risk factor of suffering from stroke.

Some other factors like having suffered from a previous stroke are also under the uncontrollable factors. So in conclusion, we have seen a good number of factors that could predispose you to stroke and so if you have any of them, then the necessary preventive measures should be initiated.

 

Know the signs and symptoms of kidney failure

By on April 19, 2013 in Diseases, Health with 0 Comments

Kidney failure, is usually the end stage of most kidney diseases. The signs and symptoms, develop gradually over time, and if easily identify is a good way to early diagnosis and treatment to prevent further damage or complications. Some of the symptoms and signs of kidney damage are;

1. Changes in the amount of water input and output, in other words there is an imbalance in the water level which leads to a low amount of urine being excreted or there is a large volume of urine being eliminated.

2. The muscles will be having some cramps and twitches as a result of the failure of the kidney to eliminate the unwanted substances from the body that become obnoxious.

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3. Swelling of the legs and feet is another sign or kidney failure.

4. Feeling too tired and very weak is another symptom of kidney failure.

5. Loss of appetite or anorexia is another symptom that can be accompanied with nausea and vomiting sometimes.

6. Due to the inability of the kidney to eliminate the toxic substances from the body, unexplained persistent body itching is usually another sign of kidney failure.

7. In extreme condition when the kidney cannot eliminate excess fluids, the fluids could accumulate in the lungs and cause problems with breathing, e.g. shortness of breath or dyspnea.

8. High blood pressure that is usually difficult to control or manage is usually another symptom of kidney failure.

In conclusion, some other signs and symptoms like chest pain when the fluids surround the lining of the heart as results of failure of the kidney to eliminate the excess fluids from the body. These and other signs and symptoms are essential in pointing towards pending kidney failure and so if there is something that could be done it should be done promptly.

Safe and unsafe exercises

By on March 28, 2013 in Health, Lifestyle with 0 Comments

American college of obstetrician and gynecology recommends 30 minutes of moderate exercise every day except if medically contraindicated .

Though exercises have show to have great benefit to the pregnant mother if performed with caution and at a gradual pace, it is not all exercises that should be performed during pregnancy.

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What are exercises are safe during pregnancy;

It is essential to choose exercises that do not require balance and coordination, especially in late pregnancy because changing in balance during pregnancy may affect rapid movements.

The safest exercise to perform while pregnant is;

– Swimming; it is gently on the joints and relieves swollen ankles.

– Yoga; strengthens the muscles and ease back pain

– Brisk walking

– Indoor stationary cycling; boosts heart rate without stressing the joint

– Low-impact aerobics; keeps the heart and lungs strong and tones the entire body.

– Mild jogging especially if you were doing them before the onset of pregnancy

– Kegel; done anywhere any time help strengthens the muscles of the uterus, bladder and bowel, which places part in delivery.

What exercises are not safe during pregnancy;

– Skitting.

– Horseback riding.

– Contact sports such as football, basketball, softball, volleyball.

– Exercises that may cause abdominal trauma.

– Jumping, hopping, skipping, and running.

– Tip toeing, sit-ups, standing on the toes.

– Bouncing while stretching.

– Waist bending movements while standing.

When to stop exercising;

– When you feel headaches and chest pain.

– When you have calf pain or swelling.

– When you feel less fetal movement.

– headaches.

 

 

Tips on scarlet fever

By on March 28, 2013 in Health with 0 Comments

Scarlet fever is an illness that commonly presents in children, but could also affect any other person as well at any age. It is an infection by a bacterium in the group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus. Let us have a look at some of the common signs and symptoms of scarlet fever;

1. Your child will have a high fever of 101 F or higher, necessary measure to help reduce or control the fever could be taken to ensure comfort to your child.

2. A red rash similar to a sun burn and rough to feel will appear starting with the face or neck and then spread to other parts of the body e. g. trunk and the limbs

3. A pale ring will appear on the face and the entire face will have a flushed appearance.

4. The folds of skin around the joints of your kid and the neck and groin will become deeper red that the surrounding rushes.

5. Your kids tongue will have a red, bumpy and covered with a white coating especially during the beginning of the illness.

6. Your child will experience trouble in swallowing due to inflammation of the throat, a medical term referred to as dysphagia.

 

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7. The lymph nodes on the neck will be tender to touch and swollen a sign on lymphatic system involvement.

8. Another sign and symptom is nausea and vomiting. Your kid will have this nauseated feeling that might result into vomiting.

9. Another symptom is headache that usually presents in children with scarlet fever.

In conclusion the presence of a constant and high fever, swelling lymph nodes and the rash should be enough to make you the parent or caregiver to quickly take your child to the doctor.

Tips on toxic shock syndrome

By on March 28, 2013 in Diseases, Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

Toxic shock syndrome is a very rare, but a very dangerous life-threatening condition, caused by bacteria that are somewhat meant to be part of our normal flora (live harmlessly in our body) release toxins into our blood system. Spontaneous high fever and shock are some of the immediate features of these toxins released by these bacterias. So, below are other signs and symptoms for the same;

1. A sudden high fever that is an indication of infection as a results of the bacterial exotoxins released into the blood vascular system.

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2. Low blood pressure which usually accompanies shock as a results of bacterial toxins in the blood.

3. Your mouth, throat and eyes will appear reddened which could be as a results of infection by the bacteria.

4. One may experience generalized muscle aches that could affect one’s comfort and ability to do every day activities.

5. Presence of a rash either on the palm of your hand or the sole of your foot. This rash does resemble sunburn.

6. Another sign and symptom of toxic shock syndrome is nausea and vomiting that could be as a result of the endotoxins in the blood and body system.

7. Another common symptom is headache and sometimes development of seizure. In-addition confusion could follow as the disease progresses .

In conclusion, there are a number of ways that one, and to prevent themselves from getting the above-mentioned sign and symptoms. Therefore, a knowledge on these signs and symptoms will enable you to detect the start and progress the necessary therapeutic measures. This also helps prevent any further complications from the disease.

How to manage minor disorders in pregnancy

By on March 15, 2013 in General, Health with 0 Comments

 

Minor disorders occur as a result of various changes in the body during pregnancy and causes a lot of discomfort to pregnant women, but the good thing is that these disorders can be managed using simple methods and home available remedies.

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Some minor disorders and their managements

Backache; management.

Sit with your back straight and, support it with a back rest.

Sleep on firm mattress.

Avoid lifting heavy objects.

When picking up objects from the ground, bend your knees and keep your back straight.

You can also report to your doctor, or midwife so the can prepare a plan of exercise for you with an obstetric physiotherapist

Heartburn and how to management it.

Eat 5-6 small meals instead of 2-3 large meals.

Sit for one hour after feeding before lying down.

Avoid spicy food.

Take a glass of milk or yogurt after meal.

Take a spoon of honey with a glass of warm milk when you feel heartburn.

Leg cramp and it’s management.

Drink plenty of water.

Eat bananas

Take prescribed calcium supplements.

Do leg exercises

Hemorrhoids and it’s management;

Eat food high in fiber.

Drink a lot of water.

Avoid long standing.

Use lubricating gel to push back pile.

Use a pack of ice, wrapped around a cloth, and the pile, to ease pain and discomfort.

Skin irritation and it’s management.

Wear loose clothes.

Use prescribed ointment to prevent itching.

Take cold shower as often as possible.

Fatigue and tiredness management;

Have adequate rest during the day and good sleep at night

Allow family member help with some of the house chores

Eat a good and balanced diet

Incontinence; management;

Do regular pelvic floor and kegel exercises.

Ways for prevention of HIV infection

By on March 15, 2013 in Diseases, Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

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Abstinence is the surest and the best way to avoid contacting HIV. In abstaining you avoid having sex. This is applicable especially to those who are not married.

You can also avoid being infected by being faithful to your partner. It is advisable to have one partner whose status you are sure of as being negative. It is through multiple partners that HIV is spread in the event that along the stream one is infected the whole group will be infected if no protection is used. This brings us to our next point.

Correct use of protection like male and female condom. Nowadays in colleges and social places they put condoms in the washrooms. Male condoms are the most commonly used than female condoms.

 

 

 

Moreover, counseling can help one reduce chances of being infected. In counseling sessions, one is advised to go for testing. If one is infected they are guided on how to live, they are advised to use protection eat healthy to boost one’s immunity and use drugs like ARVs according to the number of CD4 cells.

Furthermore, male circumcision has medically been proven to minimize spread of HIV. The foreskin is said to be more susceptible to HIV infection. In-addition the softness of the foreskin makes it easy to tear hence direct contact with blood. When the foreskin is removed is removed through circumcision the risk of infection is curbed.

Moreover, expectant mothers are required to use a regime of ARVs that prevent mother to child transmission. Through exercising caution, you can minimize spread of HIV. For instance avoid social gatherings where peers party and get drunk ending up practicing sex.

Lastly avoid sharing needles or sharp objects. In case of a cut one can easily get infected if the material was used by an infected person.

 

 

What exposes you to Tension Headaches?

By on March 15, 2013 in Diseases, Health with 0 Comments

 

Changes in your brain chemicals and muscle contraction have been associated with tension headaches and in addition some of the causes are totally dependent on the individual because they are as a result of lifestyle changes. Here are some of the common lifestyle changes that have been attributed to causing tension headaches.

Inadequate sleep has been related to tension headaches over the years now and so it is important for one to make sure that they get enough, and quality sleep every night.

Stress is another cause; whenever you are stressed, the threshold for having a tension headache is greatly reduced and so avoiding stress could be helpful to you, and adopting ways that you can employ to help you relax and mitigate any unnecessary stress.

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Chocolate, caffeine, some kind of foods and certain food additives have also been linked to tension headaches. It has been scientifically proven that monosodium glutamate (MSG) also causes tension headaches.

One can get tension headache as a result of depression and anxiety. Anything that will make you get anxious and get depressed could be a risk factor for tension headache as well and if avoided the better.

In women, hormonal changes during menopause, pregnancy, hormonal use and menstruation could cause tension headaches as well. This is due to the sudden changes in the amount and levels of hormones in your blood.

Certain medications have also been linked to tension headaches for instance, drugs for hypertension, depression and when one overuses these headache medications.

Sleeping in awkward positions could also aggravate your tension headaches as well as holding your head or neck in abnormal positions for a very, long time.

Some diseases like common cold or flu have been known to cause headache as one of its symptoms.

Alcohol consumption as well as cigarette smoking has been linked to tension headaches especially when an over-consumption of the same is evident.

In conclusion, a number of lifestyle changes can cause severe headaches and so when one is informed about them, avoiding or reducing your exposure to them could be prophylactic against these headaches which could be debilitating sometimes.

 

Importance of eating fruits

By on March 15, 2013 in Health, Lifestyle with 0 Comments

Fruits are essential due to the following reasons.

First they have roughage which helps in the digestion. The fiber is not digested, but aids in excretion which removes wastes faster from the body. It also helps people with thyroid sickness because the bulk they add to food makes one feel full for long hence reducing amount of snacks taken. Such fruits include guava avocado and apples.

Secondly, fruits like vitis vinefera are added in cakes to make them more delicious and enhance the flavor. Bakers use the fruits to increase their market for cakes since several people like taking fruits hence cakes made of fruits are marketable.

Thirdly, fruits have a sweet scent which makes them serve as air fresheners. Apple mangoes provide a sweet aroma as they are ripening. In-addition fruits like horned melon have been used to decorate houses due to their unique shape.

Fourthly, fruits are made to generate economic benefit. Grapes are widely known to be used to manufacture wine. Nevertheless, other fruits like plum, cherry and dandelion are fermented to make fruit wine. When wine is sold money is earned that is a source of living for many.

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Fifthly, they enhance weight loss in different ways. First, vitamin C in lemons makes the body integrate calcium in the cells that contain fat hence cutting weight. Lemons also reduce sugar absorption in the body. Second, the fiber in fruits that are not digested keeps one feeling their stomach is full reducing the desire to eat.

Sixthly, watermelons and pineapples are used to quench thirst. This is because they contain a high percentage of water. Moreover, they provide sugar for instance bananas, which can be consumed by people with diabetes.

Lastly, they boost immunity and physical appearance. Fruits like bananas contain potassium which helps the body organs function properly. Oranges have vitamin C is helps harden bones. Vitamins in fruits help in repair and growth. Someone who takes fruits regularly has a better immunity which enhances resistance to diseases. They enhance appearance by making the skin look nourished.

 

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