Tips for Health

Bed Bugs

By on April 16, 2012 in Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

What are bed bugs? 

Bed bugs are oval shaped parasites without wings that have 6 legs and are about 1/5 inch long. They vary in color from white to brown, but may have a dark red after feeding. Bedbugs feed on blood at night and hide during the day. Prefer to feed on human blood, but also feed on other mammals such as dogs or cats.

Bed bugs can be a terrible nuisance, but has not been shown to spread disease.

Where do bed bugs live?

Bedbugs live in dry and dark cracks, as in the seams of mattresses. Because bed bugs feed at night, the mattresses are an ideal place for them to live. However, not only bugs live in mattresses. They can also live in cracks in furniture, walls or floors, and go to bed at night.

Places like hotels, apartments, dormitories and shelters are more likely to be infested with bedbugs. This is probably because more people traveling in these parts circulating in the single-family homes. Bed bugs can travel from place to place on clothing and luggage, in the second-hand furniture and bedding used.

Bedbugs are a growing problem in the United States. This could be partly because more people are traveling internationally and bringing bed bugs in luggage or clothing. In addition, pesticides that eliminated the bugs in the past have been replaced by less potent chemicals that do not harm the bugs. This has allowed the population of bedbugs in the U.S. grow.

How do I know if I have bed bugs?

The best time to find bugs alive is in the middle of the night when they come to feed. Other signs of having bugs include:

  • Small blood stains on the sheets.
  • Dark particles of feces of bedbugs in the areas where bed bugs could live.
  • A sweet smell indicating the presence of a large number of bugs.

How do I know if I’ve been bitten by a bug?

Bedbug bites appear as small red bumps and swollen which could have a bite mark in the center or not. These bites cause very itchy. It is common to have multiple bites at a time, often in a straight row on the skin.

How I can treat a bug bite?

Bug bites should disappear within 2 weeks. Meanwhile, you can try a cream or lotion hydrocortisone-counter on the affected skin to relieve itching and swelling. A pill or cream OTC antihistamine called diphenhydramine (brand name: Benadryl) may also relieve itching caused by bug bites.

It is important to avoid scratching bites as much as possible.Scratching can damage the skin, making you more likely to become infected.

When should I go to the doctor?

If an OTC cream relieves the itching, you may need to ask your doctor about prescription drugs more potent to treat the symptoms.

If the bug bites become infected, talk to your doctor. You may have an infection if the skin around the bite becomes red and swollen, with a fever, or if the bites blister or become sores.Your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic to treat infection.

If you have a severe allergic reaction to bug bite, see your doctor immediately.

How I can remove the bugs?

If you have bed bugs at home, wash all pajamas and bedding in hot water and dry in a dryer, or freeze for at least 24 hours.Vacuum all the furniture, especially the mattress seams. If the mattress is infested, replace or cover the mattress and bed base with plastic sleeves. Fix any cracks in furniture. Fill and seal any cracks or holes in walls or floors.

If the infestation is severe, you may need to contact a pest control service professional. Ask questions about what chemicals they use and be sure to keep children and pets away during the fumigation.


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