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HOW OFTEN AND WHY YOU SHOULD PERFORM A SELF BREAST EXAM.

By on March 6, 2013 in Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

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Breast self exam has to do with you as an individual because it is you that will perform this procedure and most preferably a couple of days after your period when your breasts are less tender or swollen. One significance for breast self exam is that it enables you to gain mastery and to be able to recognize the normal breast from an early stage such that in case of any occurrence that there is any abnormality, you will be able to notice and detect it. Normally it is recommended for one to starĀ  t this procedure from age 20 and continue throughout the life.

 

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A few points to note is that for a woman that is past menopause, they should pick a day every month that it will be easy for them to remember possibly the first day of every month and those who are under some hormonal or contraceptives should consult their doctors on when to perform the breast self exam.

Now, normally one has to ask this question, why do we do this procedure or what changes are we looking for exactly and the following are some of the changes that are quite significant as far as this procedure is concerned:

1. Any breast swelling on one or both breasts.

2. Dimpling also known as skin irritation.

3. Abnormalities of the nipple including; any redness, pain on the nipple, the nipple turning inward and the presence of scales.

4. Presence of any lump in the breast.

5. Any other discharge instead of milk that is a normal phenomenon in lactating women.

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Conclusion

Therefore, one can conclude that the significance and advantages of breast exam are not to be overlooked and so every lady should be informed start self breast exam as early as twenty.

 

WHICH VITAMINS ARE ANTIOXIDANTS?

By on March 6, 2013 in Diet, Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

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Antioxidants are essential in helping our body neutralize any free radicals that form in our body as a result of processes such as stress, cigarette smoking, radiation as well as alcohol. As a matter of fact, our body usually goes through metabolism every time and as a result of this, some gases and sometimes free radicals could develop and so it is crucial for our bodies to have these antioxidants that will help neutralize the effects of the free radicals that potentially are able to destroy cells. In this blog we will look at some of the vitamins that possess this anti-oxidising property:

1. Vitamin c; a water soluble vitamin also known as ascorbic acid. It is mostly found in citrus fruits, spinach, cabbage, strawberry and kiwi. Vitamin toxicity is possible with too much consumption of the same vitamin C and so you need to be careful with that as well.It is important for one to know that vitamin C is important for boosting our immune system, promoting wound healing as well as helping the body absorb iron. As far as the levels of vitamin C consumption are concerned, it is arguably true that some people will need more levels than others and a good example is smokers, pregnant women, postoperative patients and those who are victims of burns.

2. Vitamin E; a fat soluble is mostly found in vegetables, nuts and seeds, fish oils as well as whole grains. The recommended daily allowance is 15 IU for men and 12 IU for women. Vitamin E also plays important roles in metabolism and in your immune system as well and people with liver diseases and crohn’s disease will need more levels of vitamin E.

3. Beta carotene; found mainly in liver, fish, spinach, carrots, tomatoes, yams, grains, etc, is a precursor of vitamin A.

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Therefore, by consuming appropriate amounts of such vitamins as mentioned above can help boost one’s defense mechanisms against cell damage and other disease causing factors

 

WHY IS BREASTFEEDING YOUR BABY SIGNIFICANT?

By on March 1, 2013 in Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

The feeding of a baby, with breast milk directly from the mothers breast, and not from a container, cup or bottle is called breast feeding. Babies are born with sucking and swallowing reflex, which makes breastfeeding possible.

Breast milk is considered the healthiest milk for infants, it preventĀ  s diseases and promote health, it has been preferred over artificial milk because artificial milk is associated with high incidence of infant death from diarrhea all over the world.

Many specialists recommends the feeding of a baby with breast milk only for the first six months of life because it reduces the occurrence of ear infections respiratory illnesses and diarrhea. With some exceptions such as women taking certain drugs, women with untreated tuberculosis and in some places women infected with HIV.

Breast milk, is a perfect mix of vitamins, proteins and fat making it an ideal nutrition for infants, and all the child needs for growth and development. Breast milk also contains antibodies, which help babies fight viruses and bacterias. Breast milk has also been linked to high IQ scores in later years in exclusively breastfed babies.

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The benefits of breastfeeding to the mother cannot be overemphasized, it includes;

1. Breastfeeding aids the release of the hormone oxytocin, which causes the uterus to contract and return to its pre-pregnancy size, thus reducing bleeding after birth

2. It lowers the risk of breast and ovarian cancer

3. It burns extra calories hence helping in reducing pregnancy weight

4. It reduces risk of osteoporosis

5. Breastfeeding creates extra time for relaxation with the baby, resulting in the creation of strong emotional bond

There are the tips to successful breastfeeding;

Be in a comfortable position, support yourself with pillows if need be

-cradle your baby to your breast rather than bending to put it in its mouth

-support the breast with one hand and your baby’s head with the other

-Tickle your baby’s lower lip with your nipple, and once the mouth is open, allow it to cover the dark area around the breast. This will make your breast enter far into your baby’s mouth and its tongue to be cupped under the breast.

-Listen to the rhythm of sucking and swallowing.

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WANT TO KNOW HOW YOU CAN REDUCE YOUR RISK OF CANCER?

By on March 1, 2013 in Diseases, Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

 

Cancer, nicknamed the big C is become increasingly engraved in the entire globe with new cases being diagnosed with a high morbidity and mortality rate. The biggest question is what are some of the ways that one can help prevent or reduce the risk of cancer, which is not an easy thing to keep and follow. The reason is that a lot of researches have been done and surprisingly some of the information provided could be conflicting with one antagonizing the other leaving the consumers even more confused.

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So here are some of the ways that can help an individual prevent or reduce the risks of getting cancer:

1. Eating a healthy diet. It is now clear that feeding your body junk foods will get you into trouble and so one has to really monitor the kind of foods they eat. A healthy diet can help reduce the risk of different types of cancer and so by eating much of plant foods and less of red meat one could be doing themselves a great favor. Making sure that you eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, limiting fat intake, and ensuring some temperance and moderation as far as alcohol consumption is concerned which could be a cancer risk.

2. Being physically active and ensuring that you maintain a healthy weight. Some cancer types like prostate, colon, lung and kidney can be reduced by maintaining a healthy body weight and as far as physical activity is concerned, the risk of cancers like colon and breast could be reduced. You could choose to focus on aerobic or anaerobic exercise or even do a combination, but the most important thing is to ensure that you do have some physical exercises daily if time allows.

3. For those people that smoke tobacco should consider stopping it because it will put you down cancer road. In addition, chewing of tobacco is risky because it has been associated with oral cancer. Moreover, people that are exposed to smoke, what is referred to as passive smokers are also at risk of developing cancer as well. So deciding to stop tobacco smoking should be one of the most important choices that you will ever make .

4. Excessive exposure to sunlight is not good as it can increase one’s risk of skin cancer. Therefore, you also need to be careful at the amount of sun that you expose your body too by avoiding the midday sun, covering the exposed areas, and staying in the shade could also help a lot.

5. Viruses are some of the causative agents of cancer and so getting vaccinated against some of these viral infections could be more than helpful. Vaccination against hepatitis B and HPV viruses are some of the examples of the same.

6. One should avoid some behaviors that could increase your risk for cancer, which might include the following; having sex with multiple partners or having sex without protection (condom) and sharing sharp and cutting materials a good example being needles for drug users for example.

7. Finally, for people that have a high risk to certain types of cancers maybe because someone in the family had or has it could go for regular medical check up or screening and further medical advice. This will put you at a position of catching or detecting the disease at an earlier stage, which is usually curable than when it is in its later stages.

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