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Conjunctivitis in toddlers and small children

By on April 2, 2013 in Diseases with 0 Comments

 

Conjunctivitis in toddlers and small children

Conjunctivitis is redness and inflammation of the conjunctiva (the tissue that covers the eyes). Often referred to as ‘red eye’, the symptoms include itchiness and watering of the eyes, a burning sensation, a feeling of grit in the eyes, and sometimes a sticky coating on the eyelashes. There could also be an enlarged lymph node in front of the ear.

Types of conjunctivitis

Irritant conjunctivitis – when the inflammation is caused by an irritant substance which came in contact with the eyes, such as chlorinated water or shampoo, or a loose eyelash rubbing against the eye.

Allergic conjunctivitis – caused by an allergic reaction to dust mites, animal fur, pollen or even contact lenses;

Infective conjunctivitis – when the inflammation is caused by a viral or bacterial infection;

Treatment for conjunctivitis

Irritant conjunctivitis: This type of conjunctivitis is very straight forward to treat, as all is needed is to remove whatever is causing the irritation. Cold compresses can be applied after the removal of the irritant object.

Allergic conjunctivitis: Avoiding the substance that triggered the allergy and the use of anti-allergy medications, such as antihistamines, is the usual treatment for this type of conjunctivitis.

Infective conjunctivitis: Although the symptoms will usually clear up within a week or so, it is viable to consult your physician as antibiotic eye drops can be necessary to clear the infection.

Please note: a newborn baby should be seen by her doctor immediately when presenting symptoms of any type of conjunctivitis.

If you are experiencing one of the symptoms below, consult your doctor immediately:

–          Eye pain

–          Intense eye redness

–          Disturbed vision

–          Sensitivity to light

 

You can read more about allergic conjunctivitis here.

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