Tips for Health

Constipation: Diagnosis, Testing and Treatment

By on April 22, 2012 in Diseases, Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

How can I tell the doctor if my child has constipation? 

Your doctor will ask about the pattern of bowel movements your child. You can help your doctor by keeping a diary of bowel movements of your child. It should include:

  • When your son sat on the toilet.
  • How long your child sat on the toilet.
  • If your child has a stain on the underwear.

It is also important to notice unusual changes in your stools or your child’s behavior. Some things you should pay attention include:

  • Large diameter stools.
  • Very hard stools.
  • Small amounts of bright red blood on toilet paper after a bowel movement your child.
  • Stomach pain and bloating.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Crying or screaming during bowel movements.
  • Avoid or resist toilet training to learn to use the toilet.

Your doctor will examine your child. The physical exam may include a rectal exam of your child. It is possible that the doctor has the making of a radiograph of the abdomen of your child.

How is constipation treated?

Eating enough fiber and drinking enough liquid is essential to treat constipation. They help move the stool through the intestines by increasing the mass of feces. Increasing the frequency with which you exercise will also help.

Talk to your family doctor if:

  • Constipation is new and unusual for you.
  • You have constipation for 3 weeks or more despite treatment at home (such as changes in diet).
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Note some blood in the stool.
  • Lose weight for no reason.

How do I get more fiber?

It is suggested that men aged 50 years or less consumed at least 38 grams of fiber per day, while women 50 years or younger should consume at least 25 grams per day. To add fiber to your diet, eat at least 2 cups of fruit and 2 1/2 cups of vegetables per day. Also try eating cereals that contain bran or bran added as cover for fruits and cereals.

If you are adding fiber to your diet, start slowly and increase the amount gradually. This will help reduce gas and bloating. Also, be sure to drink plenty of water.

Foods rich in fiber

  • Unprocessed wheat bran.
  • Breakfast cereals unrefined.
  • Bread and brown rice.
  • Fresh fruit.
  • Dried fruit (such as prunes, apricots and figs).
  • Vegetables.
  • Beans (white seed like beans, kidney beans and pinto beans).

Should I use laxatives?

In general, try to avoid laxatives. They are not designed for long term use. An exception to these are bulk-forming laxatives.

The bulk-forming laxatives work naturally to add bulk to the stool and water, so they can more easily traverse the intestines. Bulking laxatives can be used every day. These include oat bran, psyllium, policarbofila, and methylcellulose.





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