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Liver; basic metabolic center

By on June 3, 2013 in Health, Health with 0 Comments

The liver is one of the most important organs that supports and makes life possible. It is the metabolic center of the body performing over 500 varying kinds of reactions every single moment. Being the largest organ of the digestive system one should at least know the basic functions of the liver.


Function related to digestive system:

Production of bilic acid and bile which is one of the basic digestive juices of the GIT

Bile helps in fat absorption.

Bile being asecretion of the liver, leaks out the toxins present in the liver and ultimately detoxifies the liver.

Functions related to metabolic activity of the liver:

Breaks down glucose: Liver is responsible for the maintenance of glucose in blood and in the whole body. Excess glucose in saved in the form of glycogen and whenever needed, glycogen is converted into glucose to circulate in the blood and to be used by the cells of the body.

Bilirubin metabolism: as a result of breakdown of hemoglobin, the heme part is broken down to form the bilirubin. If due to any reason, the metabolism of hemoglobin within the RBCs becomes rapids, the bilirubin levels increases resulting in jaundice.

Hormone metabolism: liver also has a major role in the metabolism of endocrine secretions. The body’s physiological functions mainly depend on the hormonal levels.

Fat metabolism: liver is also responsible for the metabolic reactions of fat synthesis, storage and usage.

Protein synthesis: Vitamin A, B, C, D and K are particularly synthesized as well as transported inside the liver. Different important proteins synthesis reactions also take place.


Different harmful waste products are excreted out from the liver in the form of bile.

Millions of other important reactions also take place in the liver.



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