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Tag: dehydration

Infection by E. Coli

By on July 18, 2012 in Diseases, Health with 0 Comments

What is E. coli ?

E. coli stands for Escherichia coli , the bacteria that causes severe cramps and diarrhea. E. coli is a major cause of bloody diarrhea. Symptoms are worse in children and the elderly, especially in people who have another illnesses. Infection by E. coli is most common during the summer months, in the northern states.

What are the symptoms of infection with E. coli?

Symptoms start at about 7 days after transmission of the germ. The first sign is severe abdominal cramps that start all of a sudden. After a few hours, watery diarrhea starts. Diarrhea causes the body to lose fluids and electrolytes (dehydration). This makes you sick and tired. The watery diarrhea lasts about a day. Then, the diarrhea becomes bloody and is bright red. The infection causes sores in the intestines, so the stools become bloody. Bloody diarrhea lasts 2 to 5 days.

If you have this infection, you may have a mild fever or no fever at all. You may also have nausea or vomiting. If any of these symptoms like bloody watery diarrhea, cramps, fever, nausea or vomiting, try to contact your doctor immediately.

How I can get an infection by E. coli?

Most infections E. coli from:

  • Eating undercooked beef.
  • Drinking contaminated water.
  • Drinking unpasteurized (raw).
  • Working with cattle.
  • Eating food contaminated with animal feces (such as vegetables).

Meat can become contaminated with the germ during butchered. When grinding the meat, the germs of E. coli are mixed throughout the meat.

The most common form of this infection is by eating contaminated food. You can get the seeds of E. coli if not using high heat to cook the meat or if you do not cook long enough. When you eat undercooked beef, the germs enter the stomach and intestines.

How is the infection treated?

There is no special treatment, but drinking lots of water and paying attention to the emergence of complications can reduce the risk of having this. Do not take drugs to stop the diarrhea, unless your doctor tells you to. These drugs prevent the intestines to remove the seeds of E. coli . If you have severe dehydration, you may need to go to hospital to be administered IV fluid.

What is Food Poisoning?

By on July 5, 2012 in Health with 0 Comments

 

What is food poisoning?

Food poisoning (also known as foodborne disease) occurs when a person eats or drinks something that contains harmful germs (bacteria, viruses or parasites). Sometimes, the bacteria produce a toxin in food and causing the problem is the toxin.

How is food poisoning caused by fish?

There are two ways to get food poisoning from eating fish:

Ciguatera poisoning: This happens when you eat a coral reef fish (any fish that live in warm tropical water) or any particular food that you ate that is poisonous. This poison does not disappear when cooking or freezing fish.

Scombroid poisoning: A substance called histamine accumulates in some fish when they reach too high in temperature after being captured. Histamine is a chemical that acts as a kind of alarm to inform the immune system that an infection is attacking part of the body. If you eat a fish that is not properly refrigerated after being captured, it is possible to react to histamine that is released into the body.

What are the symptoms of food poisoning?

Symptoms of food poisoning can begin hours to days after consuming contaminated food or drink. The time spent depends in part the cause of food poisoning and the amount of food or drink consumed. Symptoms may include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sickness
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness and fatigue

Food poisoning can affect one person or an entire group of people exposed to contaminated food or drinks. It depends on the amount of the germ or toxin that has consumed every person.

What should I do if I have food poisoning?

Most cases of food poisoning are mild and will get better in a few days. During that time, the aim is to prevent dehydration. Dehydration is the loss of fluids and electrolytes (mineral nutrients) your body needs.

Avoid solid foods and milk products until the vomiting and diarrhea have been completed. Once you feel better, start eating and drinking again gradually. Try soft foods, like crackers, toast and bananas. Avoid spicy, fried foods, dairy products and foods that are high in fat and sugar. Drink plenty of fluids but avoid milk or caffeinated beverages. In addition, sports drinks are not designed for use in the treatment of diarrhea and do not replace electrolytes (salts and minerals) from the body properly to prevent dehydration.

When should I go to a doctor?

Schedule an appointment with your doctor if:

  • Have diarrhea that lasts more than 3 days.
  • Frequent vomiting lasting more than 2 days.
  • Seeing blood in the stool.
  • Taking diuretics and have diarrhea, nausea or vomiting.
  • You have a fever over 101 ° F.

Seek emergency care if:

  • Your stools are dark red or black, or if you see a lot of blood in the stool.
  • You vomit blood.
  • You have trouble breathing.
  • Abdominal pain or intense stomach cramps.
  • Have double vision or trouble moving body parts.
  • You have symptoms of severe dehydration.
  • You have trouble swallowing.
  • Feeling your heart is beating very hard.
  • It has food poisoning from eating mushrooms or seafood.

The Symptoms of Fever

By on June 4, 2012 in Diseases, Health with 0 Comments

 

The fever is usually a symptom of a disease, so you should pay close attention to their presence, duration and other symptoms that accompany it. Fever is defined as the increase in body temperature above 37 ° C. But many times, temperature increase is masked or accompanied by other manifestations which, if not treated in time, can bring other complications. Today, we will learn the symptoms of fever.

Increased body temperature is a sure sign of infection. Therefore, its presence means that we should see a doctor to find out the real cause of the fever. Fever acts as a defense mechanism of the body to treat infections because the bacteria and viruses can hardly live in an environment with high temperatures.

Here are some symptoms of fever:

  • Transpiration
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Decreased appetite
  • Weakness

If the fever is greater than 40 ° C, the following may occur:

  • Hallucinations
  • Confusion
  • Irritability
  • Seizures

The first complication of fever is dehydration, so it is important that the person suffering from it drink enough fluids to keep the water level in the body. Fever alone is not an enough reason to go to the doctor. It must be accompanied by the following conditions:

  • Irritability
  • Vomiting
  • Headache or stomach

 

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