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Tag: heart problems

What is Mitral Valve Prolapse?

By on July 15, 2012 in Diseases, Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

What is mitral valve?

The heart has four chambers. The mitral valve controls the flow of blood between the 2 cavities, called the left atrium and left ventricle. Normally, when the heart relaxes between beats, the 2 flaps of the mitral valve open to allow blood flow to pass from the atrium to the ventricle. The fins are usually open only on one side and the blood only flows in one direction.

What is a mitral valve prolapse?

If you have mitral valve prolapse, the mitral valve flaps do not work properly. One of the flaps moves back into the atrium when the heart beats. When this happens, blood can flow in the opposite direction from the ventricle to the atrium.

About 1 in 20 Americans have mitral valve prolapse. Generally, people are born with it. More women have it than men.

What are the symptoms of mitral valve prolapse?

Most people are unaware they have mitral valve prolapse, until a doctor discovers it during a physical exam. It is possible that some people have symptoms that include the following:

  • Feeling that your heart is racing or skipping beats.
  • Chest pain that occurs from time to time.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Dizziness.
  • Anxiety or panic.

How is the mitral valve prolapse treated?

Most people with mitral valve prolapse do not need treatment. Only about 2 in 100 people with this condition have complications. Your doctor will tell you if you need treatment.

Some people with mitral valve prolapse have to limit participation in competitive sports. If the mitral valve prolapse causes chest pain or other symptoms, your doctor may prescribe medications such as beta blockers to improve symptoms. Some people need surgery to fix the valve.

In severe cases of mitral valve prolapse, infection can occur (called bacterial endocarditis) in the valve after surgery or dental procedures. If you have mitral valve prolapse, consult your doctor before undergoing dental procedures (including professional teeth cleaning) or other medical procedures. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics before the procedure to protect against infection.

Kawasaki Disease

By on July 13, 2012 in Diseases with 0 Comments

 

What is Kawasaki disease?

Kawasaki disease is a disease that can be acquired by children (usually children under 5 years).

How soon will my child recover from Kawasaki disease?

Generally, a child takes several weeks to recover from Kawasaki disease. You must make your child stay home and not go to school or daycare until they feel strong enough to return.

What are the symptoms of Kawasaki disease?

Kawasaki disease can cause any of the following symptoms:

  • Fever.
  • Rash.
  • Red eyes.
  • Swollen lymph nodes.
  • Heart problems.
  • Joint problems.

What is the cause of Kawasaki disease?

No one knows what causes Kawasaki disease. Some doctors think it may be caused by a virus or bacteria. The illness can last from 2 weeks to several months.

How will my doctor know that my child has Kawasaki disease?

Your doctor will conduct a review to your child and ask about his symptoms. There is no special test for Kawasaki disease, but your doctor may do some tests to see if it is possible that another disease is causing the symptoms.

Children with Kawasaki disease have fever (sometimes as high as 104 ┬░ F) for 5 days or more. Generally, they also have at least 4 of the following symptoms:

  • An irregular reddish rash that can cover the entire body.
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck.
  • Hands and feet swollen and red, and later in the disease, peeling of skin on fingers and toes.
  • Changes in the lips and mouth.
  • Red eyes.

Some children with Kawasaki disease also have diarrhea, vomiting and stomach pain. Kawasaki disease may make your child very irritable and angry.

 

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