Tips for Health

Tag: how to prevent dehydration

The Symptoms of Fever

By on June 4, 2012 in Diseases, Health with 0 Comments

 

The fever is usually a symptom of a disease, so you should pay close attention to their presence, duration and other symptoms that accompany it. Fever is defined as the increase in body temperature above 37 ° C. But many times, temperature increase is masked or accompanied by other manifestations which, if not treated in time, can bring other complications. Today, we will learn the symptoms of fever.

Increased body temperature is a sure sign of infection. Therefore, its presence means that we should see a doctor to find out the real cause of the fever. Fever acts as a defense mechanism of the body to treat infections because the bacteria and viruses can hardly live in an environment with high temperatures.

Here are some symptoms of fever:

  • Transpiration
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Decreased appetite
  • Weakness

If the fever is greater than 40 ° C, the following may occur:

  • Hallucinations
  • Confusion
  • Irritability
  • Seizures

The first complication of fever is dehydration, so it is important that the person suffering from it drink enough fluids to keep the water level in the body. Fever alone is not an enough reason to go to the doctor. It must be accompanied by the following conditions:

  • Irritability
  • Vomiting
  • Headache or stomach

 

Vomiting and Diarrhea: Causes and Risk Factors

By on April 19, 2012 in Diseases, Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

Are vomiting and diarrhea dangerous for children?

Vomiting and diarrhea can be harmful because they can cause dehydration. Dehydration occurs when too much fluid is lost. Young children can become dehydrated very quickly, but dehydration can occur at any age.

What is the cause of vomiting and diarrhea?

Vomiting and diarrhea (frequent loose stools) can be caused by viruses, bacteria and parasites. Foods that are difficult to digest (such as sweets), and undercooked fish or meat (still partially raw) can also cause vomiting and diarrhea.

How can I prevent dehydration?

If your baby or child has had several attacks of vomiting or diarrhea, you need to replace fluids and electrolytes lost.

If you are breastfeeding, continue to give breast milk to your baby. Breast milk has fluids and electrolytes needed to prevent dehydration. It is also possible that your doctor may want to give your baby an oral rehydration solution.

If you feed your baby formula, try switching to one that has no lactose while ill. Lactose can make diarrhea worse. It is also possible that your doctor may suggest switching from formula to ORS for 12 to 24 hours, then return to the formula.

For young children, use an ORS, which contains the right mix of salt, sugar, potassium and other nutrients to help replenish lost body fluids. It is possible for children over 1 year also make soups or clear soda or juice mixed with water to help prevent dehydration. You should avoid giving plain water and dark sodas to your child. Water alone does not contain enough salt or enough nutrients to help with dehydration. Dark sodas are usually very high in sugar and can irritate the stomach of his son.

What is an ORS?

An oral rehydration solution or ORS is an excellent way to replace fluids and nutrients lost through vomiting and diarrhea. An ORS is safe for babies and older children. ORS can occur in several ways, among which is included a powder which is mixed with water, a liquid that is already mixed and frozen popsicles.

ORS brands include Pedialyte, Ricelyte, Rehydralyte and oral rehydration solution of the World Health Organization. You can buy in most grocery stores and pharmacies. If you do not have access to ORS bought in a store, you can mix 8 teaspoons of sugar and 1 teaspoon salt in a quart (4 cups) of water. This mixture lacks potassium but, anyway, is a good ORS. You can provide some potassium adding a cup of orange juice or homemade ORS to give your child a bit of banana.

If your child is vomiting, try giving small amounts of ORS often, such as 1 teaspoon every minute. When your child can keep drinks in the stomach, increase slowly the amount given.

If your child continues to vomit, wait 30 to 60 minutes after the last time you threw up and then let him drink a few sips of ORS. It is possible that small amounts every few minutes are maintained in stomach better than a large quantity at once.

When your child stops vomiting, you could increase the amount of ORS you give each time and add clear broths or clear soda. Remember: small amounts are less likely to cause discomfort in the stomach of his son.

If your child has diarrhea and is not vomiting, have him drink ORS and other fluids. Your doctor may ask you to keep track of the amount of fluid your child drinks. You can use a dropper, teaspoon or a measuring cup to help keep track.

Vomiting and Diarrhea: Prevention and Treatment

By on April 19, 2012 in Diseases, Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

Should I feed my child when they have diarrhea?

Yes, older children should begin eating within 12 to 24 hours after starting to take ORS. Avoid foods high in sugar, high fat, like ice cream, gelatin, pudding and fried foods. These may irritate the stomach and digestive tract of her son. It is best to avoid dairy products for 3 to 7 days.

Your doctor may recommend that you give your child soft foods during the first 24 hours. Soft foods include bananas, rice, applesauce, toast, crackers and cereals without sugar. If your child better with these foods, you can add other foods in the next 48 hours.

Most children can return to their usual diet about 3 days after diarrhea stops. If your child has been vomiting, wait 6 hours after the last time you threw up before offering food. Try to offer small amounts of soft foods. Do not force your child to eat. Your child is very hungry for a few days after vomiting.

Should I give my child medicine to stop diarrhea?

Probably not. Usually, the diarrhea does not last long. If caused by an infection, diarrhea is a body’s way of getting rid of the infection. You may be given medicine to stop diarrhea, in fact, interfere with the body’s efforts to heal. Usually, no antibiotics are required. Talk to your family doctor if you think your child needs medication.

Call your doctor if your child is vomiting or has diarrhea if:

  • Is less than 6 months.
  • Is older than 6 months and has a fever over 101.4 ° F.
  • Has signs of dehydration.
  • He has been vomiting for more than 8 hours or is vomiting with great force.
  • Blood in the stool.
  • Blood in the vomit.
  • No urine in 8 hours.
  • You may have swallowed something that could be poisonous.
  • Has a stiff neck.
  • It is indifferent or is unusually sleepy.
  • Abdominal pain has been longer than 2 hours.

Will my child have to go the hospital?

Probably not. Unless, it becomes severe dehydration. In this case, it is possible that your child needs to be given fluids intravenously (IV) to replace fluids lost through vomiting or diarrhea.

Signs of dehydration:

  • Urinating little, not urinating or urinating with a color darker than usual.
  • Urinating less often than usual (less than 6 wet diapers a day for infants to 8 hours or more without urination for children).
  • Thirst (babies may show thirst by crying that, being irritable and eager to drink when something is offered).
  • Irritability.
  • Not eating as well as usual.
  • Weight loss.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Crying without tears.
  • In infants who are younger than 18 months, sunken soft spots on top of the head.
  • Skin that is not as elastic as usual.
  • Drowsiness.

Can I help prevent my children from vomiting and diarrhea?

It is possible that the vomiting and diarrhea are caused by foods that are hard to digest for your child (such as sugar or bacteria in undercooked meat). Make sure your child eats a healthy diet.

Most infections causing diarrhea are caused by a virus that is found in the faeces. Help prevent infections disposing of soiled diapers properly and washing hands after changing a diaper or using the toilet. Make sure your child wash hands frequently, especially after using the bathroom.

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