Tips for Health

Tag: sore throat

Tidbits About Sore Throat

By on June 26, 2012 in Diseases with 0 Comments

 

The sore throat is a fairly common nuisance that causes us itching, burning and irritation when swallowing. In most cases, the throat symptoms are accentuated in the morning and improves as the day continues.

In the same way as colds and flu, sore throat is due to a common viral infection. Although it is usually not considered as a disease, it can be very painful and cause many problems.

There are different types of sore throats, with each has a characteristic of a particular virus. Some viruses develop blisters in the throat that causes painful swallowing. The itches are very strong.

Diseases such as influenza, tonsillitis and pharyngitis often accompany sore throat in almost all cases. Sore throat is caused by a bacteria called streptococcus. These infections are treated with antibiotics and can bring fever.

Sometimes, you may feel sore throat without infection. In these cases, a very dry weather could be the origin. Or, it may be caused by an allergy when breathing through the mouth causes discomfort.

When we sleep with a dry mouth, there is also a chance of developing sore throat when we wake up. This usually disappears, however, after swallowing liquids. This also tends to disappear during the day.

Smokers and those who work in contact with substances that can be inhaled are more likely to have a sore throat.

These symptoms come after such a night in which they have smoked or inhaled cigarette smoke of others, in addition to ingesting cold drinks.

The Symptoms and Causes of Acute Bronchitis

By on May 20, 2012 in Diseases with 0 Comments

What is acute bronchitis?

Acute bronchitis is an infection of the bronchial tree. The bronchial tree consists of the tubes that carry air to the lungs. When these tubes get infected, they swell and form mucus inside. This makes breathing very difficult.

Acute bronchitis is bronchitis that lasts a short time (several weeks or less), while chronic bronchitis is lasting or recurrent.

What are the symptoms of acute bronchitis?

Symptoms of acute bronchitis may include:

  • Sore throat.
  • Fever.
  • Cough that may produce a clear mucus, yellow or green.
  • Chest congestion.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Wheezing.
  • Chills.
  • Body aches.

What is the cause of acute bronchitis?

Most often, acute bronchitis is caused by viruses that attack the lining of the bronchial tree and cause infection. As the body defends itself against these viruses, more swelling occurs and more mucus forms. The body takes time to kill these viruses and heal damage to the bronchi.

In most cases, the same viruses that cause colds cause acute bronchitis. Research has shown that bacterial infection is much less common cause of bronchitis than doctors used to think. Very rarely, an infection caused by a fungus can cause acute bronchitis. Exposure to an irritant, such as smoke, dust or air pollutants, can cause bronchitis.

 

Sore Throat: Treatment and Prevention

By on April 18, 2012 in Diseases, Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

What is the treatment for a sore throat caused by bacteria?

If your sore throat is caused by bacteria, it is likely that your GP may prescribe an antibiotic. It is very likely to start feeling better within a few days, but it is very important to all antibiotics prescribed by your doctor. This reduces the risk of throat back pain and also helps prevent antibiotic resistance.

What is the treatment for a sore throat caused by a virus?

Antibiotics do not work against viruses. Usually, infections caused by viruses simply must run its course. Most of the symptoms caused by a type of cold virus go away within a week to 10 days.

Symptoms caused by mono can last for 4 weeks or more. If you have mono, it’s likely that your doctor suggests you get plenty of rest and not exercise too intense. You can take acetaminophen (one brand: Tylenol), ibuprofen (some brands: Advil, Motrin, Nuprin) or naproxen (one brand: Aleve) for sore throat, headache and fever. Children should not take aspirin.Aspirin can cause serious illness called Reye’s syndrome when given to children under 18.

What about the sore throat that is caused by allergies?

If sore throat is a symptom of hay fever or another allergy, your doctor can help you figure out how to avoid things that trigger your allergies. You may also need medicine for your allergies.

How to relieve sore throat

  • Take acetaminophen (one brand: Tylenol) or ibuprofen (one brand: Motrin) to relieve pain. Children should not take aspirin. Aspirin can cause serious illness called Reye’s syndrome when given to children under 18.
  • Gargle with warm salt water (1 teaspoon salt 1 cup [8 ounces] of water).
  • Suck on throat lozenges or hard candy.
  • Suck on flavored frozen desserts (such as Popsicles).
  • Use a humidifier in your bedroom or other rooms where you spend much time.
  • Drink plenty of fluids. This helps keep the throat lubricated and prevent dehydration.

If I have tonsillitis, will I need to have a tonsillectomy?

Tonsillectomy is a surgery that removes the tonsils. Most people who have tonsillitis do not need a tonsillectomy performed. You may need a tonsillectomy done if you have severe tonsillitis often or if the tonsils are too large and cause breathing problems. Your doctor can tell you if a tonsillectomy is required.

How I can avoid contracting or spreading a sore throat?

The best ways to avoid catching or spreading viruses and bacteria that can cause sore throat are to wash their hands regularly, avoid touching your eyes or mouth, and covering your mouth when you cough or sneeze.

Sore throat

By on April 18, 2012 in Diseases, Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

What is a sore throat? 

Sore throat means that the throat hurts. It can get worse when swallowing. There are many causes of sore throat.

What are the symptoms of tonsillitis and infection of strep throat?

  • Sore throat.
  • Fever.
  • Headache.
  • White patches in the throat or tonsils.
  • Pain on swallowing.
  • Red and swollen tonsils.
  • Swollen glands and sore jaw and throat.
  • Abdominal pain (usually in children).
  • Vomiting (usually in children with infection of strep throat).

What is the cause of sore throat?

Many factors can cause sore throat. Viruses (like those that cause colds and mononucleosis) can cause sore throat.Bacteria (such as those that cause infection strep throat) can also cause sore throat, like smoking, breathing polluted air and allergies to pet dander, pollen and mold.

What is tonsillitis?

The tonsilitis occurs when the tonsils (which are on the back of the mouth, on each side of the throat) are infected by bacteria or a virus. Causes the tonsils to swell and can cause sore throat and other symptoms. Signs of infection from strep throat and tonsillitis often are similar.

What is the infection of strep throat?

The infection of the strep throat is caused by a type of bacteria called streptococcus. The pain of the infection of strep throat often is more like sore throats caused by other bacteria or viruses. What is important and different about the infection of strep throat is that, if untreated, can sometimes cause inflammation of the kidneys or rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever can cause rash, swelling of the joints and, in severe cases, damage to heart valves.

What is Mononucleosis?

The mononucleosis s a viral infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. One of the main signs of mono is a sore throat that may last from 1 to 4 weeks. Other symptoms include swollen glands in the neck and armpits, fever, headache and tiredness.

What tests can be used to find the cause of my sore throat?

Your doctor may do a rapid strep test, a throat culture or both. A rapid strep test results will rapidly, usually within a period of about 15 minutes. However, the test does not indicate whether the sore throat is caused by bacteria other than Streptococcus or if caused by viruses. A throat culture takes longer, between 24 and 48 hours, but is more accurate. If your doctor thinks you may have mono, you are likely to perform a blood test.

 

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