Tips for Health

TIPS OF CONTRACEPTIVES.

By on March 11, 2013 in Health, Lifestyle, Prevention with 0 Comments

Contraceptives are wide range of things that come in different forms that will help a woman avoid getting pregnant, by preventing ovulation, fertilization and the implantation and development of the zygote in the uterus. They also limit the transmission of sexually transmitted infections especially the use of condoms.

There are various types of contraceptive;

Hormonal methods; pills, injections, intra-dermal patches. Barrier methods; condoms, cervical caps, diaphragms. Intra-uterine contraceptive devices (IUCD). Sterilization.

How contraceptives work;

hormonal

Pills; provides 94 -99% effectiveness, if used as order. It involves taking one pill daily, throughout the period a woman need to remain free from pregnancy. There are two forms of these pills;

-combined pills which contains estrogen and progesterone

-mini pill which contains just progesterone

Hormonal contraceptives work by preventing an egg from being released every month, but does not protect against sexually transmitted infections.

 

 

contrace

Barrier

Offer about 92-95% effectiveness when used correctly. Includes condoms both male and female, cervical cap and diaphragm condoms are worn on the penis by men and are put inside the vagina by women, they collect ejaculated sperm, and are to be discarded after intercourse.

The diaphragm is a rubber cap inserted into the vagina six hours before sex, and removed within 24 hours after for cleaning. If properly cleaned can be reused. The cervical cap is smaller and is place over the cervical opening, inserted six hours before sex and removed 48hours after, must be used with spermicide

They act by preventing the sperm from entering the uterus, and offer slight protection against ST I’s.

Intrauterine devices

They act by making the uterus uncomfortable for the fertilized egg, thus preventing its implantation and growth. Its 99% effective, but with no protection against sexually transmitted infections.

Sterilization

They act by most times permanently blocking the reproductive functions. In men its vasectomy and in women its tubal ligation.

 

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