Tips for Health

Treatment for Anaphylaxis

By on March 22, 2012 in Prevention with 0 Comments

Reaction Causing Agents

There are several agents that can cause anaphylaxis or anaphylactoid reactions. The drugs are the leading cause of anaphylaxis, the most important are antibiotics, anticonvulsants, muscle relaxants and some post-surgical solutions. The blood and its derivatives have also been implicated in anaphylactic reactions.

They are often blamed as a cause of anaphylaxis to foods and food additives . The main foods involved are milk, eggs, seafood, nuts and peanuts. Other foods that can cause reaction are vegetables, white fish and celery.

Some foods have a high concentration of histamine, such as fish that has not been adequately cooled. When ingested histamine can be absorbed and cause anaphylactoid type reaction.

Increased attention to reactions of food additives. Sulfites have been publicized recently to be present in dried fruits and vegetables, potato, salad bar with vegetables, pickles and cucumbers. Some individuals, especially those with severe asthma may have an anaphylactoid reaction to sulfites. The Federal Drug Administration has banned sulfites on fresh fruits and vegetables. Foods containing more than 10 parts per million of sulfites must be labeled. Alcoholic beverages, including wine, also contain sulfites.

Aspirin and anti-inflammatory drugs can also cause anaphylactoid reactions.

Exercise-induced anaphylaxis

The exercise-induced anaphylaxis (EIA) is characterized by generalized itching with or without rash, low blood pressure and narrowing of the upper airways. This is often associated with an increase in temperature of the climate and intense exercise.

People who have EIA is often not necessarily allergic or have a history of asthma or rhinitis . This does not occur after every exercise and sometimes only occurs after ingestion of certain foods such as celery, shellfish, wheat and peaches.


Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency. Epinephrine (adrenaline) is usually given immediately, and can also be given other medications such as antihistamines and steroids. The faster the reaction is treated, the less severe it is.


The best treatment for anaphylaxis is prevention. People known to be sensitive to some foods that cause anaphylaxis, should avoid these specific foods. If you have had an anaphylactic reaction should be evaluated by a specialist. If possible take oral medication instead of injections. Follow your doctor’s directions for proper use of prescribed medications. It is important to wait at least 20 minutes in the doctor after an injection of a drug or the application of an allergy vaccine because if a reaction occurs it is treated early. Give your doctor a detailed history and accurate. Those with allergies who risk their lives need to carry a medical alert jewelry, and should know how to use an epinephrine or adrenaline kit and take it all the time. These kits are available prescription.


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