Tips for Health

What do Do When there is a Spinal Cord Injury

By on May 21, 2012 in Health, Prevention with 0 Comments

What is the spinal cord and what does it do?

The spinal cord consists of nerves and nerve cells that carry messages from the brain to different parts of the body. The spinal cord runs from the base of the brain to the waist. It is protected by the spine, the bony rings of the back (also called vertebrae) that make up the spine.

What are the symptoms of a spinal cord injury?

Symptoms of spinal cord injury depend on where the damage occurred and whether the injury is complete or incomplete. If there is a total loss of muscle control and feeling (sensation), then the lesion is called complete. If there is a bit of muscle control and sensitivity the lesion is called incomplete. Lesions that occur above the spinal cord, generally, result in more severe symptoms.

What you should know in an emergency

After a traumatic accident, the immediate signs of spinal cord injury may include pain, weakness, numbness, paralysis, confusion, dizziness and difficulty breathing. If you believe someone has a head injury, neck or back, this is what you should do:

  • Call 911.
  • Do not move the injured person.
  • Roll up and place blankets or towels on both sides of the head of the person, or hold the person’s head in his hands. Try to keep the head and neck of the person still.
  • Give first aid as necessary, such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR, for its acronym in English) or applying pressure to the wound, but still make sure to keep the head and neck of the person.

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