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What is Celiac disease?

By on June 25, 2013 in Diseases with 0 Comments

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Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease of a part of the digestive system that is the small intestine and is regarded as gluten sensitivity in which a person is sensitive to protein ‘gluten’ which is found in rye, barley and wheat. It affects patients who are genetically predisposed to this disease.

Although the typical symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea and loss of weight, but most patients with celiac disease have very few or sometimes even no digestive symptoms. Do you know that out of so many people, only about 1/3 of the patients are actually diagnosed with this disease and they show symptoms of diarrhea and some of weight loss?

20% of patients with celiac disease show symptoms that involve constipation, and only 10% show obesity.

Other than symptoms related to the gastrointestinal tract other symptoms are also present which involves malabsorption of food due to hampered absorption from the damaged area. Some symptons are:

Greasy stool

Iron deficiency resulting in Anemia

Loss of bone architecture (osteoporosis) or lack of calcium absorption in bones due to deficiency of Vitamin D (osteomalacia)

Blistery and itchy skin rashes, dermatitis herpetiformis

Harm to teeth enamel

Pain in the head and increased fatigability

Nervous system pathologies, such as numbness or tingling sensation in the hands or feet, and possible problems in the vestibular system of the body (balance)

Pain in the joint

Functions of the spleen are hampered

Heartburn and reflux of gastric acids from the esophagus

In children, there is failure to thrive.

Problem in coagulation that is blood clotting due to malabsorption of Vitamin K which is an important factor in clotting

People with celiac disease should make lifestyle changes and should stay miles away from gluten rich diet.

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