Tips for Health

What is Food Poisoning?

By on July 5, 2012 in Health with 0 Comments

 

What is food poisoning?

Food poisoning (also known as foodborne disease) occurs when a person eats or drinks something that contains harmful germs (bacteria, viruses or parasites). Sometimes, the bacteria produce a toxin in food and causing the problem is the toxin.

How is food poisoning caused by fish?

There are two ways to get food poisoning from eating fish:

Ciguatera poisoning: This happens when you eat a coral reef fish (any fish that live in warm tropical water) or any particular food that you ate that is poisonous. This poison does not disappear when cooking or freezing fish.

Scombroid poisoning: A substance called histamine accumulates in some fish when they reach too high in temperature after being captured. Histamine is a chemical that acts as a kind of alarm to inform the immune system that an infection is attacking part of the body. If you eat a fish that is not properly refrigerated after being captured, it is possible to react to histamine that is released into the body.

What are the symptoms of food poisoning?

Symptoms of food poisoning can begin hours to days after consuming contaminated food or drink. The time spent depends in part the cause of food poisoning and the amount of food or drink consumed. Symptoms may include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sickness
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness and fatigue

Food poisoning can affect one person or an entire group of people exposed to contaminated food or drinks. It depends on the amount of the germ or toxin that has consumed every person.

What should I do if I have food poisoning?

Most cases of food poisoning are mild and will get better in a few days. During that time, the aim is to prevent dehydration. Dehydration is the loss of fluids and electrolytes (mineral nutrients) your body needs.

Avoid solid foods and milk products until the vomiting and diarrhea have been completed. Once you feel better, start eating and drinking again gradually. Try soft foods, like crackers, toast and bananas. Avoid spicy, fried foods, dairy products and foods that are high in fat and sugar. Drink plenty of fluids but avoid milk or caffeinated beverages. In addition, sports drinks are not designed for use in the treatment of diarrhea and do not replace electrolytes (salts and minerals) from the body properly to prevent dehydration.

When should I go to a doctor?

Schedule an appointment with your doctor if:

  • Have diarrhea that lasts more than 3 days.
  • Frequent vomiting lasting more than 2 days.
  • Seeing blood in the stool.
  • Taking diuretics and have diarrhea, nausea or vomiting.
  • You have a fever over 101 ° F.

Seek emergency care if:

  • Your stools are dark red or black, or if you see a lot of blood in the stool.
  • You vomit blood.
  • You have trouble breathing.
  • Abdominal pain or intense stomach cramps.
  • Have double vision or trouble moving body parts.
  • You have symptoms of severe dehydration.
  • You have trouble swallowing.
  • Feeling your heart is beating very hard.
  • It has food poisoning from eating mushrooms or seafood.

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