Tips for Health

What is Gastro-esophageal reflux disease?

By on April 17, 2013 in Diseases with 0 Comments


Esophagus, which is one of the parts of the digestive system, connects the mouth with the stomach. To pass on the food from the mouth to the opening of the stomach, it contains two sphincters. Sphincters are openings with valves. The two sphincters are the pharyngo-esophageal sphincter which is the upper one, and the lower one is called gastro-esophageal sphincter.

The lower one, that is gastro-esophageal sphincter, opens only on the arrival of food in any form. When this sphincter opens other then when the food has to enter the stomach, the condition is called Gastro-esophageal reflux disease.

As a result of the unnecessary or spontaneous opening of the sphincter or improper closing, the gastric juices rise up to the esophagus. This results in burning sensation in the chest and certain other symptoms.

Symptoms of Gastro-esophageal reflux disease:

  • Heartburn
  • Problem in swallowing the food
  • Nausea
  • Increased production of saliva
  • Pain while swallowing
  • Regurgitation etc.

How to prevent the symptoms?

This disease can occur at any age. In order to prevent the reflux of acid, you need to make some changes in your eating routine as well as your lifestyle.

Take small meals because eating a lot of food would result in a lot of acid production in the stomach.

Don’t eat before you go to bed.

Alcohol, caffeine etc can cause heartburn, so it is better you avoid them.

Sleep on your left side.

Don’t lie right after you eat.

Try to stay away from food that increases the production of excess amount of acid in the stomach such as acidic juices and fruits, peppermint, onions and chocolate etc.



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