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What is Hammertoe?

By on July 3, 2012 in Diseases, Health with 0 Comments

 

What is hammertoe?

When a person has trigger finger, the tip of the toe is bent downward and the middle joint bends upward. Finally, the toe is stuck in a rigid position, like a claw. When the inside of the shoe rubs against a hammertoe, it is possible to form calluses, blisters or calluses on the top of the toe or on the bottom of the foot. This can make walking painful. You may also have joint pain in the big toe meets the foot.

In general, hammertoe affects the second toe of one person (the toe next to big toe), but can also affect other toes.

What is the cause of hammertoe?

People born with long bones in the toes are more likely to develop hammertoes. Children who wear shoes that have outgrown can develop this condition. People who wear very tight shoes or high heels are also more likely to develop a hammertoe.

Sometimes, the pressure produced by a bunion can cause hammertoe. Rheumatoid arthritis is another risk factor.

How is a hammertoe treated?

If the affected toe is still flexible, perhaps you can try bandaging or splinting the toe to keep it straight. Your family doctor can show you how to do this. You can also try using corrective shoes, blankets and other devices callus to reduce pain.

You may need to do certain exercises to maintain joint flexibility toe. For example, you may need to move and stretch the toe gently with your hands. You can also exercise lifting things with your toes. Small or soft objects like marbles or towels work best.

If the trigger finger starts to hurt, you may need to apply an ice pack several times a day. This can help relieve pain and swelling. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (which are also called NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or naproxen, may be useful. If pain and swelling are severe, your doctor may need an injection of corticosteroids into the joint of the toe.

Do I need surgery for hammertoe?

If you have a severe case of hammertoe or if the affected toe has lost flexibility, you may need surgery to straighten the toe joint. The surgery requires only a local anesthetic, and usually an outpatient procedure. This means you do not need to stay in the hospital for surgery.

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