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What is Tuberous Sclerosis?

By on July 7, 2012 in Diseases, Prevention with 0 Comments

 

What is Tuberous Sclerosis?

Tuberous sclerosis is a disease that causes growths on the skin, brain, kidneys, eyes, heart or lungs. Usually, these growths are benign (not cancerous). It is possible that the first signs of TSC be seizures and spots on the skin. It is possible that some people with TSC have learning problems or difficult to control seizures.

Tuberous sclerosis affects 1 in every 6,000 people in the United States. The disorder occurs in both sexes and people of all races and ethnic groups.

What are the symptoms of tuberous sclerosis?

Your doctor suspects tuberous sclerosis if your baby has a condition called cardiac rhabdomyomas (benign tumors in the heart) at birth or begins to have seizures, especially a type of seizure called infantile spasm.

Some signs of tuberous sclerosis may first appear later in childhood. These symptoms include:

  • White spots on the skin (called hypopigmented macules) that glow under a special lamp.
  • A rash on the face (called facial angiofibroma) may appear to acne.
  • Kidney problems (associated with growth in the kidneys).
  • Areas of very thick skin.
  • Growths under the nails or around them.
  • Cough or shortness of breath.
  • Mental or developmental problems.

How is tuberous sclerosis treated?

There is no cure for tuberous sclerosis, but your doctor can treat many symptoms. For example, medications can help control seizures and surgery can remove any growths. If your child has developmental problems, occupational therapy can help. Most people with tuberous sclerosis have a normal life expectancy.

 

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